Why Sanitation Is A Big Problem To Tackle In India After 75 Years Of Independence?

Infamous for sooty air, polluted water, and customarily troublesome sanitation, India has made many strides within the past few years but still has much to try and do so as to enhance sanitation. because of a scarcity of access to toilets, many problems like clean drinkable, disease spreading, and contamination can arise.

According to Unicef, in 2015 568 million people were forced to defecate in fields or open areas because of a lack of sufficient toilets, quite 90% of the people who do so in South Asia and 1/2 of the people within the world did so. In 2019, the number of individuals decreased to 450 million, but still is much from over.


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The Swachh Bharat or Clean India mission was founded by India’s Prime Minister in 2014 to do to repair this widespread issue. Defecation can spread the most common diseases like cholera, typhoid, and COVID-19, among others.

While overpopulation and lack of sanitation of infrastructure have led to the present problem and still occur today, Modi, the Prime Minister, practically declared that he had overcome the defecation problem in October of 2019.

There are some reasons why open defecation still happens within the nation. As mentioned before, overpopulation and lack of toilets is one among the most reasons for this problem but is truly most typical in additional rural areas of India. likewise as this, culturally, bathrooms are seen as unclean and put outside the house, and a few feel that open defecation is more sanitary.

Whether or not the govt builds new bathrooms and toilets, people still don’t always use them thanks to miscommunication about safety.

Besides the Swachh Bharat, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation’s Reinvent the bathroom Challenge encourages the development of recent and cheap toilets in rural areas of India that may be put practically anywhere. World Toilet Day, November 19, is otherwise to lift awareness of the shortage of toilets and the open defecation problem in India.

While not all people can use it, Google Maps now shows the locations of 57,000 public toilets in India to boost awareness and promote their use of them. Finally, firms like Garv Toilets aim to create clean, new, easy to take care of toilets all around India.

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The Ganges River provides water for around 400 million Indians, yet cities directly inject sewage and other pollution into it, making it unsafe to wash or drink. 88 million people lack access to sustainable water, whether it’s clean or not. In fact, thanks to the dearth of public and safe toilets, women have a substantially higher chance of being sexually assaulted.

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To conclude, the majority of bad sanitation in India comes from water, and really has to be targeted so as to enhance the health and wellbeing of citizens. thanks to open defecation in fields and other public areas, water sources can become contaminated, resulting in countless diseases being spread.

The country as an entire must keep addressing the problems, yet better education on sanitation and better access to public or private toilets will dead all improve the growing problem of sanitation in India.