The farmers’ movement, which started in protest against the three agricultural laws, has ended on the 378th day. SKM took a big decision after an important meeting. There were many ups and downs in this long movement. Many times the movement was seen to be weakening, then its leaders again took over the movement. While the enthusiasm of the youth was visible in the movement, the patience of the youth on the decisions of the elders was also helpful in running the movement for so long. There were differences among the leaders of the movement but the front still stood firm.
The movement is going on since 26 November 2020 under the banner of United Kisan Morcha. The movement on the Delhi border has ended on the 378th day. On the 11th, farmers will walk towards their homes in a phased manner. On receiving the official letter from the government, the government of United Kisan Morcha has agreed. More than 700 farmers have lost their lives in the movement. Know when what happened in the movement
The beginning of the farmers’ movement had started even before the farmers reached Delhi, when the government brought three agricultural ordinances in the first week of June amid the Corona period. Opposition parties as well as farmers’ organizations started protesting against this. Gradually, its protest intensified in Punjab and Haryana. In Punjab, there were many types of protests ranging from rail roko movement to protest against it. Farmers burnt effigies of the government. In August, farmers launched Jail Bharo Andolan and hundreds of farmers made arrests. On August 10, the farmers of Punjab started the Annadata Jagran Abhiyan.
The Agriculture Law Bill was introduced in the Lok Sabha on September 14, 2020, which was passed on September 17, 2020. After this, farmers’ protests started across the country. President Ram Nath Kovind signed the bills passed by both the houses on 27 September 2020. This was followed by the Essential Commodities (Amendment) Act, 2020, the Agricultural Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Act, 2020, the Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Price Assurance and the Agreement on Agricultural Services Act, 2020.
Farmers announced Bharat Bandh on 5th November 2020. The widespread impact of this Bharat Bandh was seen in Haryana and Punjab only. After this, the farmers’ organizations of Punjab started talking to other organizations of the country and formed the United Kisan Morcha. The first meeting of the Front was held in Delhi on November 7. In this, a 9 member committee of farmers was formed. After this it was decided to travel to Delhi.
Two meetings were held with the government on 1 December. The Center had proposed to the farmers to negotiate with an unconditional open mind. On this, for the first time, 32 farmer leaders of Punjab met the ministers of the central government at three o’clock in the afternoon. This meeting lasted for about three hours. On behalf of the central government, Union Agriculture Minister Narendra Singh Tomar, Piyush Goyal and former minister Som Prakash were also involved. The meeting took place at Vigyan Bhawan, Delhi. In this first round of talks, the Central Government constituted a committee and proposed to resolve the matter, which was rejected outright by the farmers. The second round of talks took place on the same day at 7 pm in which representatives of Uttar Pradesh, Haryana and other states were also involved. The Agriculture Minister informed the Home Minister about the third round of talks on Wednesday, 2 December.
In front of the demands of the farmers, the central government took another step back. The Union Agriculture Minister announced that now burning stubble will not be a crime. Apart from this, he also announced the formation of a committee on MSP. The Agricultural Laws Return Bill was passed in the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha on the first day of the winter session of Parliament. On December 4, the farmers held an important meeting and formed a five-member committee. On 7th December, the government sent a proposal to the farmers. Farmers asked for clarification.