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Decline In TFR And Increase In Female Population: NFHS Suggests Some Positive Demographic Changes In India

The discourse on the population of India has taken a new turn. The National Family Health Survey (NFHS-5) has indicated a decline in the rate of population growth in India. It indicated that the Total Fertility Rate (TFR) has come to 2 i.e. one woman on average is giving birth to 2 children. To be more precise it’s 1.6 in urban and 2.1 in rural areas. Also for the first time, females outnumbered males. According to the survey, there are 1020 females per 1000 males in the nation. This survey is done by the central health ministry every 5 years. The results came out of the one conducted in two phases between 2019 and 2021. Though it is only a sample survey the estimations and conclusions of these surveys have been found to be precise over the years. The actual demographics will be clear aft...

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